The Kostos village is built at 7 kilometres’ distance from the capital of the island, Paroikia, at an altitude of 160 metres. Its geographical location, due to its particular features, i.e. that is far from the coast, at the centre of the island, at high altitude, may be a potential root of its name. According to a recent conjuncture, the name “Kostos” is a paraphrase of the term “Acosta”, which means “far from the coast”.On the other part, given that the village establishment dates back to Venetian Occupation, its name may come from the Latin word “Custodia”, which means the guard that potentially existed at the village due to its location, ensuring a panoramic view to the area.

However, there are two other views, much different than those mentioned above.The one reduces the village’s name to the blossoms of the “Kostos” flower growing in the area and the other to the existence of a customs office where the commodities destined to the Paroikia port were weighted and billed. A noted inhabitant of the village was Athanasios Parios (1722 – 1813), a Great Teacher of the Greek Nation.His studiousness led him from the small village to the Athonite Academy and his engagement in philosophy, physics and rhetoric.A monument dedicated to him predominates the village entrance as a minimum sign of gratitude of the entire island, together with the newly-erected grandiose church.Athanasios Parios was declared a saint in 1995 and his memory is honoured on 24 June. Noteworthy events of the village are the three great fairs taking place in the summer to honour the memory of Athanasios Parios (24 June), Aghia Marina (17 July) and Aghios Panteleimon, the village patron saint (27 July). The visitor, after taking a walk on the narrow white alleys of the village, can enjoy the cool evening in any of the traditional cafés around the cobblestone square, tasting the unique “souma” or wine, accompanied by local delicacies, together with the simple and hospitable local people.