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Activities Monuments

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Here, the art, coupled with the Parians’ daily activities, has become a pathway leading to the creation of the activities monuments. The pure white settlements houses, the narrow alleys paved with white slate slabs, the churches complete with saddle roofs and marble belfries, the use of ancient marble in the houses wall building together with the carefully laid plaster, constitute the most distinct characteristics of the Parian folk architecture

  • Residences: farmhouses, self-contained and complex cubic constructions groups. Space economy and aesthetics are harmoniously blended providing for wood-fired ovens, pigeons’ houses, traditional grape mills, threshing floors, and animal stables. Building materials include rocks, lime powder, argilic soil, canes and seaweed.
  • Windmills: they are scattered on Paros wind-swept hills. They stand there, witnessing the past and at the same time constituting important folk art monuments. They were used to grind wheat and other cereals.
  • Watermills: They were fed by cool running waters.
  • Draw-wells: many draw-wells, complete with their mangles, are still found today. Mules or donkeys were used to turn the mangle, thus bringing water to the surface.
  • Wells and cisterns: they were used to irrigate the crops or water the animals.
  • Rock threshing floors: seeds were threshed there with the help of animals.
  • Grape mills: an additional structure for product alteration in the fields
  • Oil mills: Men and animals turned a huge cone-shaped rock used for crushing the olives. Today traditional oil mills have been replaced with modern ones.
  • Pigeon houses: Elytis calls them «Four corners Virtue ».
  • Pesoules:(successive flat or inclined terraces), built with imagination on the mountain slopes, which, together with the dry-stone walls, manage to restrain the scant soil and rain water.
  • Dry-stone walls:made of  local rocks, marble, slate and volcanic lava later turned into volcanic rocks, were built to stop animals passing through the fields but also to mark people’s property. They are biotopes providing a living environment for the well known endemic Aegean lizard, reptiles as well as snails.
  • Wine presses: another construction for processing products in the countryside. It was used for must production.

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